青铜峡市铝业学校

教学科研教学设计

Unit 1 What’s the matter?

发布时间:2022-03-21 15:15 栏目:教学设计 发布单位:铝业学校教务处 点击量:17109 【公开】

Unit 1 What’s the matter?

教学目标:

1语言目标: 描述健康问题的词汇,及如何根据别人的健康问题提建议。

2 技能目标:能听懂谈论健康问题的对话材料;能根据别人的健康问题提建议;

能写出重点单词和重点句型,并能描述怎样对待健康问题。。

3 情感目标:通过开展扮演病人等活动,培养学生关心他人身体健康的品质。

         通过本课的阅读,培养学生处理紧急事件的基本能力,树立紧急事

件时互相帮助的精神。

教学重点:

短语:

have a stomachache, have a cold, lie down, take one’s temperature, go to a doctor,

get off, to one’s surprise, agree to do sth., get into trouble, fall down, be used to,

run out (of), cut off , get out of, be in control of , keep on (doing sth.), give up

句子:

1 What’s the matter? I have a stomachache. You shouldn’t eat so much next time.

2 What’s the matter with Ben?

He hurt himself. He has a sore back.

He should lie down and rest.

3 Do you have a fever? Yes, I do. No, I don’t. I don’t know.

4 Does he have a toothache? Yes, he does.

He should see a dentist and get an X-ray.

5 What should she do? She should take her temperature.

6 Should I put some medicine on it? Yes, you should No, you shouldn’t.

教学难点:掌握情态动词should shouldn’t. 的用法

          学习have的用法

课时划分:

Section A1 1a – 2d

Section A2 3a-3c

Section A3 Grammar focus-4c

Section B1 1a-2e

Section B2 3a-Self check

                       

Section A 1 (1a – 2d)

Step 1 Warming up and new words

1. Look at a picture and learn the parts of the body.

2. New words and phrases.

Step 2 Presentation

1a Look at the picture. Write the correct letter [a-m] for each part of the body.

     

    ___arm      ___ back     ___ ear         ___ eye      ___ foot

___hand     ___ head     ___ leg         ___ mouth

___ neck    ___nose      ___ stomach     ___ tooth

Keys: h e g i h a j l c d m k f

Step 3 Listening

1b Listen and look at the picture. Then number the names 1-5

        

    Listen to the conversations again and fill in the blanks.

    Conversation 1

Nurse: What’s the matter, Sarah?

Girl: I ___________.

Conversation 2

Nurse: What’s the matter, David?

Boy: I _________________.

Conversation 3

Nurse: What’s the matter, Ben?

Boy: I _________________.

Conversation 4

Nurse: What’s the matter, Nancy?

Girl: I _________________.

Conversation 5

Betty: What’s the matter, Judy?

Ann: She __________________.

Keys: have a cold

got a stomachache

have a sore back

have a toothache

has a sore throat

Step 4 Speaking

1c Look at the pictures. What are the students’ problems? Make conversations.

      

   Examples

A: What’s the matter with Judy?

B: She talked too much yesterday and didn’t drink enough water.

She has a very sore throat now.

A: What’s the matter with Sarah?

B: She didn’t take care of herself on the weekend. She was playing with her friends at the park yesterday. Then it got windy, but she didn’t put on her jacket. Now she has a cold.

Step 5 Guessing games

Guess what has happened to the students by using the important sentences.

Step 6 Listening






2a Listen and number the pictures [1-5] in the order you hear them.


    Keys: 2 4 3 1 5

2b Listen again. Match the problems with the advice.

1 fever                           a lie down and rest

2 stomachache                     b drink some hot tea

3 cough and sore throat             c see a dentist and get an X-ray

4 toothache                       d take your temperature

5 cut myself                      e put some medicine on it

Keys: d a b c e

Step 7 Speaking

2c Make conversations using the information in 2a and 2b

  A: What’s the matter?

  B: My head feels very hot.

  A: Maybe you have a fever.

  B: What should I do?

  A: You should take your temperature.

Step 8 Role–play

1. Imagine you are the school doctor. A few students have health problems. Role-play a conversation between the doctor and the students.

2d Role –play the conversation

2. Answer the questions.

1) What’s the matter with Lisa?

2) Did she have a fever?

3) What did she do on the weekend?

4) What does she need to do?

5) What should she do for now?

6) What should she do if things don’t get better?

Keys: She has a headache and can’t move her neck.

No, she didn’t.

She played computer games all weekend.

She needs to take breaks away from the computer.

She should lie down and rest.

She should go to a doctor.

Step 9 Language points and summary

1. What’s the matter?

  What’s the matter? What’s wrong? 同义,均意为怎么了?,常用来询问疾病、事故伤害等。如果表示某人怎么了,应该用What’s the matter with sb.? What’s wrong with sb.?

  如:What’s the matter / What’s wrong with the old man?

What’s the matter? 的答语通常有以下几种:

“sb.+have / get / catch a(n)+疾病名称表示患某种疾病。如:

     I have / get / catch a cold.

“sb.+be / feel +某些形容词表示某人感到不适。如:I am / feel sick.

身体部位+be / feel+某些形容词表示某部位感到不适。如:

     My head is / feels hot.

身体部位+hurt”表示某部位痛。如

     My stomach hurts.

“sb.+get+某些动词的过去分词形式表示受伤。如:

     He got sunburned yesterday.

“sb.+hurt / cut+具体部位 / 反身代词表示伤害。如:

     He hurt his arm in the accident.

     I cut myself when cooking.

【链接】用来询问疾病、不适或突发情况时,还可用以下句型:

What’s the trouble (with ...)?

What happened (to ...)?

Is there anything wrong (with ...)?

【运用】根据括号内的要求完成下列各题。

(1)—_____________________________

    _____________________________?

   —My brother has a cough.(写出问句)

(2) —What happened to him?

   —He ___________(切着自己) when cutting the tomatoes. (根据汉语提示补全答语)

2. I have a cold.

have a cold伤风, 感冒, 是固定词组

  表示身体不适的常用词组还有:

  have a bad cold 重感冒

  have a fever   发烧

  have a headache  头痛

  have a stomachache  肚子痛, 胃痛

  have a toothache   牙痛

  Summary

   1. 牙疼  have a toothache

2. 胃疼  have a stomachache

3. 背疼  have a backache

4. 头疼  have a headache

5. 喉咙疼 have a sore throat

6. 发烧  have a fever

7. 感冒  have a cold

8. 躺下并且休息 lie down and rest

9. 喝热蜂蜜茶   drink hot tea with honey

10. 喝大量水    drink lots of water

11. 看牙医      see a dentist

12. 量体温      take one’s temperature

13. 看医生      go to a doctor

Step 10 Exercises

根据语境及所给首字母提示,补全所缺单词。

1. A dog has four f                 and a man has two.

2. —Kate had a t                 all day.

—Oh? Why didn’t she see a dentist?

3. “Laura, you’re too tired. Go home and r                ,” Tom said.

4. I have a s                 because I ate too much.

5. Mrs. Jones always wears a scarf (围巾) around her n                .

根据句意及所给汉语提示,写出句中所缺短语,每空词数不限。

1. Mary’s sister ____________(感冒) in November every year.

2. Last night Jill’s brother ____________(发烧).

3. After Mr. Miller got home, he ____________(躺下) on his bed.

4. Mr. Green was too busy. He had little time to ____________(休息).

5. Mom, just now I ____________(量体温). It was 36.5.

根据对话内容,从方框中选择恰当的选项补全对话,其中有两项多余。

A: Hey, Jenny! You don’t look well. (1)________

B: I have a sore throat.

A: (2)________

B: I practiced singing in the music club.

A: (3)________

B: For about two hours.

A: It’s too long. (4)________

B: Yeah. (5)________ Can you give me some advice?

A: Try not to talk and drink more hot water with honey.

B: Thanks.

A. How long did you practice it?

B. That’s too bad.

C. What’s the matter?

D. What should I do?

E. What can I do for you?

F. What did you do last night?

G. That’s probably why you have a sore throat.   

Keys:

. 1. feet  2. toothache  3. rest  4. stomachache  5. neck

. 1. has a cold  2. had a fever  3. lay down 

4. take breaks / take a break

5. took my temperature 

. 1-5 CFAGD

Step 11 Homework

Make up a conversation between a doctor and a patient.

                   

Section A 2 (3a – 3c)

Step 1  Presentation

Look at the picture. Discuss what happened and then what we should do.

       

Teacher: What is the matter with the man.

Students:

Teacher: What should he do?

Students:

Step 2  Reading

    Bus Driver and Passengers Save an Old Man

1. Look at the headline and picture then answer the questions.

What happened to the man lying by the road?

What was the person next to him doing?

Did this man die?

Who do you think is going to save the man?

2. 3a Read the passage and answer the following questions.

Do you think it comes from a newspaper or a book? How do you know?

Did the bus driver help the man and the woman?

     阅读指导

     1) 先认真阅读每个题目的意思,弄清要求我们寻找什么信息。

2) 带着问题,再来读短文。在短文中认真寻找我们所需的信息,在有相关内容的地方,应多读几次,认真理解,以找到想要找的信息。

3) 最后 ,再通读一遍,检查一下所找的答案是否正确。

    Keys: It comes from a newspaper. It tells us the time, the place, the character and the event in the first paragraph.

Yes, he did.

3. 3b Read the passage again and check the things that happened in the story.

    1 ____ Wang Ping was the driver of bus No.26 at 9:00 a.m. yesterday.

2 ____ Bus No.26 hit an old man on Zhonghua Road.

3 ____ The old man had a heart problem and needed to go to the hospital right

away.

    4 ____ The passagers on the bus did not want to go to the hospital, so only

          Wang Ping went with the woman and old man.

5 ____ Some passagers helped to get the old man onto the bus.

6 ____ The old man got to the hospital in time.

Keys: 1 3 5 6

Step 3  Speaking

3c Discuss the questions with a partner.

1. Why was Wang Ping surprised that the passengers agreed to go to the hospital          with him?

2. Did the passengers think Wang Ping did  the right thing? How do you know?

3. Do you agree that people often do not help others because they do not want to    get into trouble? Why or why not?

Step 4  Languages points

1.     ... when the driver saw an old man lying on the side of the road.

   ...... 这时司机看到一位老人正躺在路边。 

观察与思考:

你能看出看到某人正在做某事的句型吗?

see sb. doing sth. 看见某人正在做某事

e.g. When I pass the window I see him drawing a picture.

see sb. do sth. 看见某人做过某事

e.g. I often see him draw a picture.

活学活用

1) 我看见他时他正在河边玩。

    I saw him _______ by the river.

2) 我看见过他在河边玩。

     I saw him _____ by the river.

3) 我看着他过了桥。

     I see him ______ across the bridge.

4) 我看见她正在洗碗。

     I see her _________ the dishes.

Keys: playing  play   walk   washing

2. The bus driver, 24-year-old Wang Ping, stopped the bus without thinking twice.

3. He only thought about saving a life.

观察与思考:

你能看出“without thinking”“about saving a life” 的共同点吗?

共同点:介词 + doing

          介词 + 名词

                 宾格代词

                 doing

活学活用

  用适当的形式填空。

 1) I am fine. What about ____ (she)?

 2) Thanks for ______ (tell) me the story?

  3) It is a sunny day. How about _____ (go) fishing?

  4) It is good to relax by ______ (use) the Internet or _________ (watch) game shows.

  Keys: her  telling   going   using  watching

4. But to his surprise, they all agreed to go with him.

  to one’s surprise 使......惊讶的是,出乎......意料

e.g. To their surprise, all the students pass the exam.

        Much to everyone’s surprise, the plan succeeded.

5. ... because they don’t want any trouble, ...

   trouble意为困难;麻烦时,是不可数名词。如:

I’m sorry to give you so much trouble. 

(1) be in trouble意为有困难;陷入困境

: He always asks me for help when he is in trouble.

(2) get sb. into trouble 意为使某人陷入困境

: If you come, you may get me into trouble.

(3) 主语 + have / has trouble (in) doing sth. 意为某人在做某事方面有困难。如: I have some trouble (in) reading the letter.

trouble意为麻烦事;烦心事时,是可数名词。如:

She was on the phone for an hour telling me her troubles.

【运用】根据汉语意思完成英语句子,每空词数不限。 

(1) 他认为每天吃饭是一件麻烦事。

      He thinks that eating every day is _________.

(2) 你知道你现在为什么处于困境吗?   

          Do you know why you _____________ now?      

(3) 我妹妹在学习英语方面有困难。 

          My sister _____________________ English.

   Keys: a trouble

are in trouble

has trouble in studying

6. …needed to go to the hospital right away.

right away 意为立刻;马上,和 in a minute 意思相近。例如:

  I’ll be there right away / in a minute.

  另外,right now at once也可表示立刻; 马上的意思。

【运用】根据汉语意思完成英语句子,每空词数不限。

你必须马上出发。

You must start _________________________________________.

Keys: right away / in a minute / right now / at once

重点短语


 

1) 看到某人正在做某事

2) 让某人吃惊的是

3) 下车

4) 上车

5) 多亏,幸亏

6) 考虑

7) 同意做某事

8) 造成麻烦

see sb. doing sth.

to one’s surprise

get off the bus

get on the bus

thanks to

think about

agree to do sth.

get into trouble


Step 5 Exercises

根据句意,从方框中选择恰当的短语填空,有的需要变换形式。

right away, get off, thanks to, get into,   to one’s surprise    

1. Excuse me, I have to ____________ the bus at the next stop.

2. Every time I ____________ difficulty, Jill gave me a helping hand.

3. Let’s go home ____________. It’s going to rain. 

4. Usually John is late for meetings. But this time, ____________, he arrived on time.

5. ____________ the doctor, I’m well again.

Keys:

1. get off  2. got into  3. right away   4. to my / our surprise  5. Thanks to

Step 6 Homework

整理课文中与“bus”相关和与医疗急救相关的表述。

 

Section A 3 (Grammar focus – 4c)

Step 1  Revision (Guessing game)

Look at the pictures, guess what has happened and revise the important points the students have learned.

What’s the matter with her?

Does she have a fever?

Does she have a toothache?

What should she do?

What’s the matter with him?

Does he have a fever?

Does he have a toothache?

Does he have a backache?

Does he have a sore throat?

What should he do?

What’s the matter with him?

Does he have a fever?

Does he have a toothache?

Does he have a sore throat?

Does he have a stomachache?

What should he do?

Step 2  Grammar Focus

根据所给汉语意思把句子补充完整。

________________? 怎么了?

I have a ____________. 我胃疼。

You _________ eat so much next time. 你下次不该吃那么多。

What’s the matter with Ben?

本怎么了?

He hurt himself. He _____________.

他伤了自己。他背疼。

He should _______________.

他应该躺下休息。

Do you ____________? 你发烧了吗?

Yes, I do. / No, I don’t. / I don’t know. 是的。/不,我没有。/ 我不知道。

Does he _______________? 他牙痛吗?
Yes, he does.
是的。

He should __________ and get an X-ray.

他应该去看牙医,做X光检查。

_________________? 她应该怎么做?

She should take her temperature.

她应该量一下体温。

________ I put some medicine on it?

我应该先用些药吗?

_____________. 是的,你应该。

_______________. 不,你不应该。

观察与思考

读以下四个句子,总结出have的用法。

have  has

I have a bag.

He has noodles for breakfast.

I have a bad cold.

They have a look at the picture.

用法展现

1. 讲。 如:

    I have a bag. 我有一个包。   

    He has a red cup. 他有一个红杯子。 

2. 吃、喝讲。如:

    have breakfast (吃早饭)  

    have tea (喝茶)                      

    have a biscuit (吃块饼干

    have a drink (喝点水)

3. 患病讲。

    have a cold, have a fever

4. 固定短语  

    have a try, have a look, have a party

活学活用

1. 她有许多好朋友。

   She ____ lots of good friends.

2. 当我们感冒时,应该多喝水。

   When we _____ bad colds, we should drink more water.

3. 他早餐常吃鸡蛋。

   He ____ eggs for breakfast.

4. 他昨天去参加聚会了。

   He ___________ yesterday.

Keys: has  have  has  had a party

用法展现

should

should 属情态动词, 后接动词原形, 没有人称和数的变化。用于提出建议劝告别人。

should 的否定形式为 should not, 通常缩写为 shouldn’t

1. — Tom, I have a toothache. 汤姆, 我牙痛。

  — You should see a dentist. 你应当去看牙医。

2. — I’m not feeling well these days. I have bad cough.

    这些天我身体不适, 老是咳嗽。

 — You shouldn’t smoke so much, I think.

    我认为你不该抽这么多烟。

含有should的一般疑问句是将should提至主语前;其简略回答分别为“Yes, 主语(人称代词)+should.”“No,主语(人称代词)+shouldn’t.”

3. — Should I put some medicine on it?

  — Yes, you should. / No, you shouldn’t.

4. — What should she do?

  — She should take her temperature.

活学活用

1. — She has a stomachache.

  — She __________ eat so much next time.

2. — Should she see a dentist and get an X-       ray?

— Yes, she _______. / No, she _________.

Keys: shouldn’t   should, shouldn’t

反身代词

    反身代词又称为自身代词,表示动作行为反射到行为执行者本身。它还可以在句中起到强调的作用,用以加强语气。

粉墨登场

英语中共有八个反身代词,在使用时应注意和它所指的相应的对象在人称、性别、数上保持一致。其基本形式如下表所示:


第一人称

第二人称

第三人称

单数

myself

yourself

himself

herself

itself

复数

ourselves

yourselves

themselves

用法展现

1. 可用作宾语,指的是宾语和主语表示 同一个或同一些的人或事物。

如:Maria bought herself a scarf.  

    玛丽亚给自己买了一条围巾。

We must look after ourselves very well. 

我们必须好好照顾自己。

2. 可用作表语,指的是表语和主语表示同一个或同一些人或事物。

如:She isn’t quite herself today.

    她今天身体不太舒服。

3. 可用作主语或宾语的同位语,常用来加强语气。

如:She herself will fly to London tomorrow.           

    明天她自己将要坐飞机去伦敦。

I met the writer himself last week. 

我上周见到了那位作家本人。

4. 用在某些固定短语当中。

照顾自己    look after oneself / take care of oneself   

自学        teach oneself sth./ learn sth. by oneself  

玩得高兴,过得愉快            enjoy oneself

请自用……(随便吃/喝些……  help oneself to sth.        

摔伤自己                      hurt oneself

自言自语                      say to oneself

沉浸于,陶醉于……之中        lose oneself in

把某人单独留下                leave sb. by oneself

给自己买…...东西              buy oneself sth.

介绍……自己                  introduce oneself

温馨提醒

1. 反身代词不能单独做主语,但可以做主语的同位语,起强调作用。

如:我自己能完成作业。

() Myself can finish my homework.

() I myself can finish my homework. /

    I can finish my homework myself.

2. 反身代词表示某人自己,不能表示某人的东西,因为它没有所有格的形式。表达某人自己的(东西)时,须要用one’s own.

如:我用我自己的蜡笔画画。

() I’m drawing with myself crayons.

() I’m drawing with my own crayons.

活学活用

1. My classmate, Li Ming, made a card for _______ just now.

2. Bad luck! I cut _______ with a knife yesterday.

3. They tell us they can look after __________ very well.

4. My cat can find food by _____.

5. Help __________ to some beef, boys.

Keys: himself  myself   themselves  itself   yourselves

Step 3  Exercises

4a Fill in the blanks and practice the conversations.

1. A: I hurt ______ when I played basketball    yesterday. What _______ I do?

  B: You ______ see a doctor and get an X-ray.

2. A: _______ the matter?

  B: My sister and I ______ sore throats. _______ we go to school?

  A: No, you _________.

3. A: _____ Mike _____ a fever?

  B: No, he ________. He ____ a stomachache.

A: He _______ drink some hot tea.

Keys: myself  should  should

What’s  have   Should   shouldn’t

Does   have   doesn’t   has   should

4b Circle the best advice for these health problems. Then add your own advice.

1. Jenny cut herself.      

  She should (get an X-ray / put some medicine on the cut).

  My advice: _______________________.

2. Kate has a toothache.  

  She should (see a dentist / get some sleep).

  My advice: ________________________.

3. Mary and Sue have colds.     

  They shouldn’t (sleep/ exercise).

  My advice: ______________________.

4. Bob has a sore back.   

  He should (lie down and rest / take his temperature).

My advice: ______________________.

Keys: put some medicine on the cut

see a dentist

exercise 

lie down and rest

4c One student mimes a problem. The       other students in your group guess the problem and give advice.

Name

Problem

Advice

Liu Peng

fall down

go home and rest













A: What’s the matter? Did you hurt yourself playing soccer.

B: No, I didn’t.

C: Did you fall down?

B: Yes, I did.

D: You should go home and get some rest.

Step 4 Exercises

根据括号内的要求完成下列各题,每空一词(含缩略形式)

1. —Should I cut up the carrots?  (补全否定答语)

—No, _________ _________.

2. My father has a headache.  (改为一般疑问句)

_________ your father _________ a headache?

3. Mrs. Hand’s daughter has a stomachache.  (对划线部分提问)

_________ _________ _________ _________ Mrs. Hand’s daughter?

4. Lisa should ask her parents for help.  (对划线部分提问)

_________ _________ Lisa _________? 

.  根据短文内容,用恰当的反身代词填空。

Yesterday my sister Tonia and I went to the shop to buy (1)________ some ice-cream. On the way home, Tonia fell down and hurt (2)________ and I cut (3)________ on some broken glass. When we got home, my brother and his friends were enjoying (4)________ playing in the garden. My brother shouted, “Look at (5)________”, and he began to laugh at us. I couldn’t know why. When we looked at (6)________ in the mirror, we saw why. Our faces were covered with ice-cream.

Keys:

Ⅰ. 1. you shouldn’t    2. Does; have 

3. What’s the matter / trouble with    4. What should; do

. 1. ourselves   2. herself   3. myself 

4. themselves  5. yourselves  6. ourselves

Step 5 Homework

收集英语有关疾病、伤害及救治的表达。

 

 Section B 1 (1a-1d)

Step 1 New words

1. bandage  n. 绷带   v. 用绷带包扎

2. sick  adj. 生病的;有病的

e.g. Her mother is very sick.   她母亲病得很厉害。

3. knee   n. 膝盖

4. nosebleed  n. 鼻出血

Step 2  Presentation

1. Discuss: Did these accidents happen to you?

When they happen, what should you do? 

e.g. get hit on the head / cut her finger / fall down / have a nosebleed

2. 1a. When these accidents happen, what should you do?

Put the actions in order.

(1) ____ Put a bandage on it.

____ Run it under water.

____ Put some medicine on it.     (Key: 3, 1, 2)

(2) ____ Go to the hospital.

____ Get an X-ray.

____ Rest for a few days.         (Key: 1, 2, 3)

(3) ____ Press the sides of your nose.

____ Put your head down.

____ Clean your face.        (Key: 2, 1, 3)

Step 3  Listening

1. 1b.  Listen to the school nurse. Check the problems you hear.

Problems


Treatments

Problems


Treatments

Someone

felt sick.

 


Someone had a nosebleed.

 

 


Someone    cut   his knee.

 


Someone hurt     

his back.



Someone

had a fever.



Someone got      

hit on the head.

 


2. 1c. Listen again. Write the letter of each treatment next to the problems you checked in the chart above.

a. put a bandage on it

b. took his temperature

c. told him to rest

d. put some medicine on it

e. took him to the hospital to get an X-ray

f. told her to put her head down.

Problems


Treatments

Problems


Treatments

Someone

felt sick.

 

b,   c

Someone had a nosebleed.

 

 

f

Someone    cut   his knee.

 

d,   a

Someone hurt     

his back.



Someone

had a fever.



Someone got      

hit on the head.

 

e

Step 4  Speaking

1d. Role-play a conversation between the nurse and the teacher. Use the information

in 1b and 1c.

   A: Who came to your office today?

   B: First, a boy came in. He hurt himself in P.E. class.

   A: What happened?

   B: He has a nosebleed.

Step 5 Homework

Write more conversations between the nurse and the teacher.

 

Section B 2 (2a-Self check)

Step 1 New words

1. breathe  v.  呼吸

e.g. Fish cannot breathe out of water.   鱼离开水就不能呼吸。

2. sunburned   adj.  晒伤的

3. climber   n.  登山者

4. accident  n. (交通)事故; 意外遭遇

5. rock   n.  岩石

6. knife   n.

7. blood   n.

8. control   n. & v. 限制;约束;管理

9. spirit    n. 勇气;意志

Step 2  Presentation

2a. Accidents or problems can sometimes happen when we do sports. Write the letter

of each sport next to each accident or problem that can happen.

A = soccer     B = mountain climbing      C = swimming

__ fall down              __ have problems breathing

__ get hit by a ball         __ get sunburned

__ cut ourselves           __ hurt our back or arm   

(Key: B C / A C / B A)

Step 3  Reading

1. 2b. Read the passage and underline the words you don’t know. Then look up the

words in a dictionary and write down their meaning.

阅读指导:

Finding the Order of Events

Writers describe events in a certain order. Finding the order of the events will help you understand what you are reading.

 2. Reading tasks:

    2c.  Read the statements and circle True, False or Don’t Know.

1  Aron almost lost his life

   three times because of    

   climbing accidents.

  True   False     Don’t know

2  Aron had   a serious

    accident in April 2003.

True      False   Don’t know

3  Aron ran out of water 

   after three days.

True     False   Don’t know

4  Aron wrote his book 

   before   his serious accident.

True     False   Don’t know

5  Aron   still goes mountain

   climbing.

True    False   Don’t know

2d.  Read the passage again and answer the questions.

     1. Where did the accident happen on April 26, 2003?

2. Why couldn’t Aron move?

3. How did Aron free himself?

4. What did Aron do after the accident?

5. What does “between a rock and a hard place” mean?

Key: 1. It happened in Utah,America.

2. His arm was caught under a 360-kilo rock that fell on him when he was climbing by himself in the mountains.

3. He used his knife to cut off half his right arm.

4. He wrote a book called “Between a Rock and a Hard Place”.

5. It means being in a difficult situation that you cannot seem to get out of.

2e.  Put the sentences in the correct order. Then use them to tell Aron’s story to your partner. Try to add other details from the reading.

 1. On April 26, 2003, he had a serious mountain climbing accident.

2. Aron loves mountain climbing and doesn’t mind taking risks.

3. Aron did not give up after the accident and keeps on climbing mountains

today.

4. He wrote a book about his experience.

5. Aron lost half his right arm from the 2003 accident.

The correct order: 2, 1, 5, 4, 3

3 Fill in the blanks.

Aron Ralston is an American mountain 1_______. There were many times when Aron almost lost his life because 2___ accident. On April 26,2003, He found himself in a very dangerous 3_______ when climbing in Utah. On that day, Aron’s arm was caught under a 360- kilo rock that fell on him when was climbing by 4_______ in the mountains. Because he could not free his arm, he stayed there for five days and hoped that 5____ would find him. But when his water ran 6______, he knew that he would have to do something to 7___ his own life. He was not ready to die that day. So he used his knife to 8___ off half his right arm. Then, with his left arm, he bandaged himself so 9___ he would not lose too much 10_____. After that, he climbed down the mountain to find help. His love for mountain climbing is 11____ great that he kept on 12_____ mountains even after this experience.

Keys: climber  of  situation   himself   someone   out   save  cut

that   blood    so  climbing

Step 4  Language points

1. As a mountain climber, Aron is used to taking risks.

be used to  习惯于……  to是介词,其后接名词或动名词短语

e.g. He is used to __________ (入睡) with such noises around him. falling asleep

risk既可用作可数名词,也可用作不可数名词,意为风险、冒险

take risks 冒险

at the risk of 冒着可能…...的危险

e.g. There is no much risk of your catching cold if you keep warm.

     To succeed in business, one must be prepared to take risks.

     They got to Wenchuan at the risk of their lives.

risk  v危险;风险;冒险

e.g. Don’t risk your health.

      She decided to risk everything on the project.

2. There were many times when Aron almost lost his life because of accidents.

  这是由when引导的定语从句。修饰前面的名词times

e.g. I thought of ________________________ (待在伦敦时的快乐日子).

      the happy days when I stayed in London

3. But when his water ran out …

  run out & run out of

run out表示“(某物)用完,不多了,相当于不及物动词,后面不能接宾语。如:

  Last week, my money ran out.

run out of表示用完(某物)”,相当于及物动词,后面需加宾语。如:

  We ran out of milk and bread yesterday.

【运用】根据语境,用run out run out of的适当形式填空。

(1) —Have you got any water?

  —Yes, but it ___________ just now.

(2) She ___________ time and didn’t finish the last question.

4. … he wrote a book called Between a Rock and a Hard Place.

  Between a Rock and a Hard Place. 此句为习语。表在艰难或危险的处境下从两难中进行选择,意为左右为难;进退两难。

e.g. Who will you save when your mother and wife are both in water?

     It’s between a rock and a hard place.

5. This means being in a difficult situation that you cannot seem to get out of.

  mean  v. “……意思是意味着

e.g. What do you mean? 你的意思是什么?

I mean that's his own decision to make.

      我的意思是这是他自己要做的决定。

Step 5  Writing

3a  Imagine you are the school nurse and a student just had an accident or a health problem. Make notes about what he/she should and shouldn’t do

Accident or health problem

He / She should

He / She shouldn’t

have a sore back

lie down and rest

do sports

have a fever

take some medicine

have a sore throat

drink some hot tea

have a toothache

see a dentist

cut myself

put some medicine on it

3b  Write a conversation between the nurse and the student using the notes in 3a. Use the question and phrases below to help you.

What’s the matter ? / What happened?/ Are you OK?

No, I don’t feel well./ I feel…/ I have a …/ Should I …?

You should …/ You shouldn’t…

fell down/ got hit by …/ cut myself / hurt my…

Pair work. Role play the conversation with your partner.

Step 6  Self-check

 1. Write different health problems next to the body parts. Then write more health

problems you know of .

Head: _________________________

Back: _________________________

Throat: ________________________

Tooth: _________________________

Stomach: _______________________

Other problems: _________________

Keys: have a headache/get hit on the head

have a sore back/hurt one’s back

  have a sore throat

  have a toothache

have a stomachache

have a fever/have a nosebleed/cut oneself               

2. Put these questions and answers in order to make a conversation.

  ___ I hurt myself playing soccer. I have a sore leg.

___ What should I do?

___ I think you should see a doctor and get an X-ray.

___ OK, thanks. I’ll do that now.

___ What’s the matter?

___ Oh, that doesn’t sound good.

Keys: 2 4 5 6 1 3

3. Write advice for these people.

1) Problem: Alan cut himself.

  Advice:______________________

2) Problem: Cindy has a headache.

  Advice:__________________________

3) Problem: My cousins have bad colds.

  Advice:________________________________

4) Problem: Jack hurt his back playing volleyball.

Advice:________________________________

Keys: 1. Put some medicine on it.

2. Take a temperature and rest.

3. Lie down, rest and drink more water.

4. Go to the hospital and get an X-ray.

Step 7  Important phrases

摔倒                     fall down

对感兴趣                 be interested in

习惯于                   be used to …

因为                     because of

用完                     run out of

准备做                   be ready to do sth.

切除                     cut off

离开                     get out of …

掌管,管理               in control of …

继续或坚持(做某事)     keep on doing sth.

Step 8  Exercises

根据句意及所给汉语提示,写出句中所缺单词。

1. We were worried about those two ________(登山者). They lost their way.

2. It was a hard ________(决定) but I felt I made the right one.

3. In the mountains, you must be careful of falling ________(岩石).

4. Mrs. Black tells her son the red light ________(意思是) “stop”.

5. We must learn more about the ________(情况) before we act.

根据汉语意思完成英语句子,每空一词。

1. 杰夫习惯了北京的天气。

Jeff ________ ________ ________ the weather in Beijing.

2. 你不能拿别人的生命去冒险。

You can’t ________ ________ with other people’s lives.

3. 艾伦,你可以切下一块肉尝尝。

Alan, you can ________ ________ a piece of meat and taste it.

4. 玛丽把她所有的钱都花光了。

Mary ________ ________ ________ all her money.

5. 我叔叔掌管这个剧院。

My uncle ________ ________ ________ ________ this theater. 

. 根据汉语意思及括号内所给英文提示语,将下列句子翻译成英语。

1. 昨天因为下大雪我们没外出。 (because of)

________________________________________

2. 你应该去拍X光片。 (should)

________________________________________

3. 那次事故之后,比尔(Bill)放弃了他的梦想。 (give up)

________________________________________

4. 今天早上戴尔(Dale)打篮球时伤了左腿。 (hurt)

________________________________________

Keys:  

. 1. climbers  2. decision  3. rocks  4. means  5. situation

. 1. is used to  2. take risks  3. cut off  4. ran out of  5. is in control of

. 1. Yesterday we didn’t go out because of the heavy snow.

2. You should get an X-ray.

3. Bill gave up his dream after the accident.

4. This morning Dale hurt his left leg playing basketball.

/ This morning Dale hurt his left leg when he played basketball.

Step 9  Homework

1. Write a conversation between the nurse and the student using the useful

sentences in 3b.

2. Remember the words, phrases and sentences in this unit.

Unit 1 What’s the matter?

教学目标:

1语言目标: 描述健康问题的词汇,及如何根据别人的健康问题提建议。

2 技能目标:能听懂谈论健康问题的对话材料;能根据别人的健康问题提建议;

能写出重点单词和重点句型,并能描述怎样对待健康问题。。

3 情感目标:通过开展扮演病人等活动,培养学生关心他人身体健康的品质。

         通过本课的阅读,培养学生处理紧急事件的基本能力,树立紧急事

件时互相帮助的精神。

教学重点:

短语:

have a stomachache, have a cold, lie down, take one’s temperature, go to a doctor,

get off, to one’s surprise, agree to do sth., get into trouble, fall down, be used to,

run out (of), cut off , get out of, be in control of , keep on (doing sth.), give up

句子:

1 What’s the matter? I have a stomachache. You shouldn’t eat so much next time.

2 What’s the matter with Ben?

He hurt himself. He has a sore back.

He should lie down and rest.

3 Do you have a fever? Yes, I do. No, I don’t. I don’t know.

4 Does he have a toothache? Yes, he does.

He should see a dentist and get an X-ray.

5 What should she do? She should take her temperature.

6 Should I put some medicine on it? Yes, you should No, you shouldn’t.

教学难点:掌握情态动词should shouldn’t. 的用法

          学习have的用法

课时划分:

Section A1 1a – 2d

Section A2 3a-3c

Section A3 Grammar focus-4c

Section B1 1a-2e

Section B2 3a-Self check

                       

Section A 1 (1a – 2d)

Step 1 Warming up and new words

1. Look at a picture and learn the parts of the body.

2. New words and phrases.

Step 2 Presentation

1a Look at the picture. Write the correct letter [a-m] for each part of the body.

     

    ___arm      ___ back     ___ ear         ___ eye      ___ foot

___hand     ___ head     ___ leg         ___ mouth

___ neck    ___nose      ___ stomach     ___ tooth

Keys: h e g i h a j l c d m k f

Step 3 Listening

1b Listen and look at the picture. Then number the names 1-5

        

    Listen to the conversations again and fill in the blanks.

    Conversation 1

Nurse: What’s the matter, Sarah?

Girl: I ___________.

Conversation 2

Nurse: What’s the matter, David?

Boy: I _________________.

Conversation 3

Nurse: What’s the matter, Ben?

Boy: I _________________.

Conversation 4

Nurse: What’s the matter, Nancy?

Girl: I _________________.

Conversation 5

Betty: What’s the matter, Judy?

Ann: She __________________.

Keys: have a cold

got a stomachache

have a sore back

have a toothache

has a sore throat

Step 4 Speaking

1c Look at the pictures. What are the students’ problems? Make conversations.

      

   Examples

A: What’s the matter with Judy?

B: She talked too much yesterday and didn’t drink enough water.

She has a very sore throat now.

A: What’s the matter with Sarah?

B: She didn’t take care of herself on the weekend. She was playing with her friends at the park yesterday. Then it got windy, but she didn’t put on her jacket. Now she has a cold.

Step 5 Guessing games

Guess what has happened to the students by using the important sentences.

Step 6 Listening






2a Listen and number the pictures [1-5] in the order you hear them.


    Keys: 2 4 3 1 5

2b Listen again. Match the problems with the advice.

1 fever                           a lie down and rest

2 stomachache                     b drink some hot tea

3 cough and sore throat             c see a dentist and get an X-ray

4 toothache                       d take your temperature

5 cut myself                      e put some medicine on it

Keys: d a b c e

Step 7 Speaking

2c Make conversations using the information in 2a and 2b

  A: What’s the matter?

  B: My head feels very hot.

  A: Maybe you have a fever.

  B: What should I do?

  A: You should take your temperature.

Step 8 Role–play

1. Imagine you are the school doctor. A few students have health problems. Role-play a conversation between the doctor and the students.

2d Role –play the conversation

2. Answer the questions.

1) What’s the matter with Lisa?

2) Did she have a fever?

3) What did she do on the weekend?

4) What does she need to do?

5) What should she do for now?

6) What should she do if things don’t get better?

Keys: She has a headache and can’t move her neck.

No, she didn’t.

She played computer games all weekend.

She needs to take breaks away from the computer.

She should lie down and rest.

She should go to a doctor.

Step 9 Language points and summary

1. What’s the matter?

  What’s the matter? What’s wrong? 同义,均意为怎么了?,常用来询问疾病、事故伤害等。如果表示某人怎么了,应该用What’s the matter with sb.? What’s wrong with sb.?

  如:What’s the matter / What’s wrong with the old man?

What’s the matter? 的答语通常有以下几种:

“sb.+have / get / catch a(n)+疾病名称表示患某种疾病。如:

     I have / get / catch a cold.

“sb.+be / feel +某些形容词表示某人感到不适。如:I am / feel sick.

身体部位+be / feel+某些形容词表示某部位感到不适。如:

     My head is / feels hot.

身体部位+hurt”表示某部位痛。如

     My stomach hurts.

“sb.+get+某些动词的过去分词形式表示受伤。如:

     He got sunburned yesterday.

“sb.+hurt / cut+具体部位 / 反身代词表示伤害。如:

     He hurt his arm in the accident.

     I cut myself when cooking.

【链接】用来询问疾病、不适或突发情况时,还可用以下句型:

What’s the trouble (with ...)?

What happened (to ...)?

Is there anything wrong (with ...)?

【运用】根据括号内的要求完成下列各题。

(1)—_____________________________

    _____________________________?

   —My brother has a cough.(写出问句)

(2) —What happened to him?

   —He ___________(切着自己) when cutting the tomatoes. (根据汉语提示补全答语)

2. I have a cold.

have a cold伤风, 感冒, 是固定词组

  表示身体不适的常用词组还有:

  have a bad cold 重感冒

  have a fever   发烧

  have a headache  头痛

  have a stomachache  肚子痛, 胃痛

  have a toothache   牙痛

  Summary

   1. 牙疼  have a toothache

2. 胃疼  have a stomachache

3. 背疼  have a backache

4. 头疼  have a headache

5. 喉咙疼 have a sore throat

6. 发烧  have a fever

7. 感冒  have a cold

8. 躺下并且休息 lie down and rest

9. 喝热蜂蜜茶   drink hot tea with honey

10. 喝大量水    drink lots of water

11. 看牙医      see a dentist

12. 量体温      take one’s temperature

13. 看医生      go to a doctor

Step 10 Exercises

根据语境及所给首字母提示,补全所缺单词。

1. A dog has four f                 and a man has two.

2. —Kate had a t                 all day.

—Oh? Why didn’t she see a dentist?

3. “Laura, you’re too tired. Go home and r                ,” Tom said.

4. I have a s                 because I ate too much.

5. Mrs. Jones always wears a scarf (围巾) around her n                .

根据句意及所给汉语提示,写出句中所缺短语,每空词数不限。

1. Mary’s sister ____________(感冒) in November every year.

2. Last night Jill’s brother ____________(发烧).

3. After Mr. Miller got home, he ____________(躺下) on his bed.

4. Mr. Green was too busy. He had little time to ____________(休息).

5. Mom, just now I ____________(量体温). It was 36.5.

根据对话内容,从方框中选择恰当的选项补全对话,其中有两项多余。

A: Hey, Jenny! You don’t look well. (1)________

B: I have a sore throat.

A: (2)________

B: I practiced singing in the music club.

A: (3)________

B: For about two hours.

A: It’s too long. (4)________

B: Yeah. (5)________ Can you give me some advice?

A: Try not to talk and drink more hot water with honey.

B: Thanks.

A. How long did you practice it?

B. That’s too bad.

C. What’s the matter?

D. What should I do?

E. What can I do for you?

F. What did you do last night?

G. That’s probably why you have a sore throat.   

Keys:

. 1. feet  2. toothache  3. rest  4. stomachache  5. neck

. 1. has a cold  2. had a fever  3. lay down 

4. take breaks / take a break

5. took my temperature 

. 1-5 CFAGD

Step 11 Homework

Make up a conversation between a doctor and a patient.

                   

Section A 2 (3a – 3c)

Step 1  Presentation

Look at the picture. Discuss what happened and then what we should do.

       

Teacher: What is the matter with the man.

Students:

Teacher: What should he do?

Students:

Step 2  Reading

    Bus Driver and Passengers Save an Old Man

1. Look at the headline and picture then answer the questions.

What happened to the man lying by the road?

What was the person next to him doing?

Did this man die?

Who do you think is going to save the man?

2. 3a Read the passage and answer the following questions.

Do you think it comes from a newspaper or a book? How do you know?

Did the bus driver help the man and the woman?

     阅读指导

     1) 先认真阅读每个题目的意思,弄清要求我们寻找什么信息。

2) 带着问题,再来读短文。在短文中认真寻找我们所需的信息,在有相关内容的地方,应多读几次,认真理解,以找到想要找的信息。

3) 最后 ,再通读一遍,检查一下所找的答案是否正确。

    Keys: It comes from a newspaper. It tells us the time, the place, the character and the event in the first paragraph.

Yes, he did.

3. 3b Read the passage again and check the things that happened in the story.

    1 ____ Wang Ping was the driver of bus No.26 at 9:00 a.m. yesterday.

2 ____ Bus No.26 hit an old man on Zhonghua Road.

3 ____ The old man had a heart problem and needed to go to the hospital right

away.

    4 ____ The passagers on the bus did not want to go to the hospital, so only

          Wang Ping went with the woman and old man.

5 ____ Some passagers helped to get the old man onto the bus.

6 ____ The old man got to the hospital in time.

Keys: 1 3 5 6

Step 3  Speaking

3c Discuss the questions with a partner.

1. Why was Wang Ping surprised that the passengers agreed to go to the hospital          with him?

2. Did the passengers think Wang Ping did  the right thing? How do you know?

3. Do you agree that people often do not help others because they do not want to    get into trouble? Why or why not?

Step 4  Languages points

1.     ... when the driver saw an old man lying on the side of the road.

   ...... 这时司机看到一位老人正躺在路边。 

观察与思考:

你能看出看到某人正在做某事的句型吗?

see sb. doing sth. 看见某人正在做某事

e.g. When I pass the window I see him drawing a picture.

see sb. do sth. 看见某人做过某事

e.g. I often see him draw a picture.

活学活用

1) 我看见他时他正在河边玩。

    I saw him _______ by the river.

2) 我看见过他在河边玩。

     I saw him _____ by the river.

3) 我看着他过了桥。

     I see him ______ across the bridge.

4) 我看见她正在洗碗。

     I see her _________ the dishes.

Keys: playing  play   walk   washing

2. The bus driver, 24-year-old Wang Ping, stopped the bus without thinking twice.

3. He only thought about saving a life.

观察与思考:

你能看出“without thinking”“about saving a life” 的共同点吗?

共同点:介词 + doing

          介词 + 名词

                 宾格代词

                 doing

活学活用

  用适当的形式填空。

 1) I am fine. What about ____ (she)?

 2) Thanks for ______ (tell) me the story?

  3) It is a sunny day. How about _____ (go) fishing?

  4) It is good to relax by ______ (use) the Internet or _________ (watch) game shows.

  Keys: her  telling   going   using  watching

4. But to his surprise, they all agreed to go with him.

  to one’s surprise 使......惊讶的是,出乎......意料

e.g. To their surprise, all the students pass the exam.

        Much to everyone’s surprise, the plan succeeded.

5. ... because they don’t want any trouble, ...

   trouble意为困难;麻烦时,是不可数名词。如:

I’m sorry to give you so much trouble. 

(1) be in trouble意为有困难;陷入困境

: He always asks me for help when he is in trouble.

(2) get sb. into trouble 意为使某人陷入困境

: If you come, you may get me into trouble.

(3) 主语 + have / has trouble (in) doing sth. 意为某人在做某事方面有困难。如: I have some trouble (in) reading the letter.

trouble意为麻烦事;烦心事时,是可数名词。如:

She was on the phone for an hour telling me her troubles.

【运用】根据汉语意思完成英语句子,每空词数不限。 

(1) 他认为每天吃饭是一件麻烦事。

      He thinks that eating every day is _________.

(2) 你知道你现在为什么处于困境吗?   

          Do you know why you _____________ now?      

(3) 我妹妹在学习英语方面有困难。 

          My sister _____________________ English.

   Keys: a trouble

are in trouble

has trouble in studying

6. …needed to go to the hospital right away.

right away 意为立刻;马上,和 in a minute 意思相近。例如:

  I’ll be there right away / in a minute.

  另外,right now at once也可表示立刻; 马上的意思。

【运用】根据汉语意思完成英语句子,每空词数不限。

你必须马上出发。

You must start _________________________________________.

Keys: right away / in a minute / right now / at once

重点短语


 

1) 看到某人正在做某事

2) 让某人吃惊的是

3) 下车

4) 上车

5) 多亏,幸亏

6) 考虑

7) 同意做某事

8) 造成麻烦

see sb. doing sth.

to one’s surprise

get off the bus

get on the bus

thanks to

think about

agree to do sth.

get into trouble


Step 5 Exercises

根据句意,从方框中选择恰当的短语填空,有的需要变换形式。

right away, get off, thanks to, get into,   to one’s surprise    

1. Excuse me, I have to ____________ the bus at the next stop.

2. Every time I ____________ difficulty, Jill gave me a helping hand.

3. Let’s go home ____________. It’s going to rain. 

4. Usually John is late for meetings. But this time, ____________, he arrived on time.

5. ____________ the doctor, I’m well again.

Keys:

1. get off  2. got into  3. right away   4. to my / our surprise  5. Thanks to

Step 6 Homework

整理课文中与“bus”相关和与医疗急救相关的表述。

 

Section A 3 (Grammar focus – 4c)

Step 1  Revision (Guessing game)

Look at the pictures, guess what has happened and revise the important points the students have learned.

What’s the matter with her?

Does she have a fever?

Does she have a toothache?

What should she do?

What’s the matter with him?

Does he have a fever?

Does he have a toothache?

Does he have a backache?

Does he have a sore throat?

What should he do?

What’s the matter with him?

Does he have a fever?

Does he have a toothache?

Does he have a sore throat?

Does he have a stomachache?

What should he do?

Step 2  Grammar Focus

根据所给汉语意思把句子补充完整。

________________? 怎么了?

I have a ____________. 我胃疼。

You _________ eat so much next time. 你下次不该吃那么多。

What’s the matter with Ben?

本怎么了?

He hurt himself. He _____________.

他伤了自己。他背疼。

He should _______________.

他应该躺下休息。

Do you ____________? 你发烧了吗?

Yes, I do. / No, I don’t. / I don’t know. 是的。/不,我没有。/ 我不知道。

Does he _______________? 他牙痛吗?
Yes, he does.
是的。

He should __________ and get an X-ray.

他应该去看牙医,做X光检查。

_________________? 她应该怎么做?

She should take her temperature.

她应该量一下体温。

________ I put some medicine on it?

我应该先用些药吗?

_____________. 是的,你应该。

_______________. 不,你不应该。

观察与思考

读以下四个句子,总结出have的用法。

have  has

I have a bag.

He has noodles for breakfast.

I have a bad cold.

They have a look at the picture.

用法展现

1. 讲。 如:

    I have a bag. 我有一个包。   

    He has a red cup. 他有一个红杯子。 

2. 吃、喝讲。如:

    have breakfast (吃早饭)  

    have tea (喝茶)                      

    have a biscuit (吃块饼干

    have a drink (喝点水)

3. 患病讲。

    have a cold, have a fever

4. 固定短语  

    have a try, have a look, have a party

活学活用

1. 她有许多好朋友。

   She ____ lots of good friends.

2. 当我们感冒时,应该多喝水。

   When we _____ bad colds, we should drink more water.

3. 他早餐常吃鸡蛋。

   He ____ eggs for breakfast.

4. 他昨天去参加聚会了。

   He ___________ yesterday.

Keys: has  have  has  had a party

用法展现

should

should 属情态动词, 后接动词原形, 没有人称和数的变化。用于提出建议劝告别人。

should 的否定形式为 should not, 通常缩写为 shouldn’t

1. — Tom, I have a toothache. 汤姆, 我牙痛。

  — You should see a dentist. 你应当去看牙医。

2. — I’m not feeling well these days. I have bad cough.

    这些天我身体不适, 老是咳嗽。

 — You shouldn’t smoke so much, I think.

    我认为你不该抽这么多烟。

含有should的一般疑问句是将should提至主语前;其简略回答分别为“Yes, 主语(人称代词)+should.”“No,主语(人称代词)+shouldn’t.”

3. — Should I put some medicine on it?

  — Yes, you should. / No, you shouldn’t.

4. — What should she do?

  — She should take her temperature.

活学活用

1. — She has a stomachache.

  — She __________ eat so much next time.

2. — Should she see a dentist and get an X-       ray?

— Yes, she _______. / No, she _________.

Keys: shouldn’t   should, shouldn’t

反身代词

    反身代词又称为自身代词,表示动作行为反射到行为执行者本身。它还可以在句中起到强调的作用,用以加强语气。

粉墨登场

英语中共有八个反身代词,在使用时应注意和它所指的相应的对象在人称、性别、数上保持一致。其基本形式如下表所示:


第一人称

第二人称

第三人称

单数

myself

yourself

himself

herself

itself

复数

ourselves

yourselves

themselves

用法展现

1. 可用作宾语,指的是宾语和主语表示 同一个或同一些的人或事物。

如:Maria bought herself a scarf.  

    玛丽亚给自己买了一条围巾。

We must look after ourselves very well. 

我们必须好好照顾自己。

2. 可用作表语,指的是表语和主语表示同一个或同一些人或事物。

如:She isn’t quite herself today.

    她今天身体不太舒服。

3. 可用作主语或宾语的同位语,常用来加强语气。

如:She herself will fly to London tomorrow.           

    明天她自己将要坐飞机去伦敦。

I met the writer himself last week. 

我上周见到了那位作家本人。

4. 用在某些固定短语当中。

照顾自己    look after oneself / take care of oneself   

自学        teach oneself sth./ learn sth. by oneself  

玩得高兴,过得愉快            enjoy oneself

请自用……(随便吃/喝些……  help oneself to sth.        

摔伤自己                      hurt oneself

自言自语                      say to oneself

沉浸于,陶醉于……之中        lose oneself in

把某人单独留下                leave sb. by oneself

给自己买…...东西              buy oneself sth.

介绍……自己                  introduce oneself

温馨提醒

1. 反身代词不能单独做主语,但可以做主语的同位语,起强调作用。

如:我自己能完成作业。

() Myself can finish my homework.

() I myself can finish my homework. /

    I can finish my homework myself.

2. 反身代词表示某人自己,不能表示某人的东西,因为它没有所有格的形式。表达某人自己的(东西)时,须要用one’s own.

如:我用我自己的蜡笔画画。

() I’m drawing with myself crayons.

() I’m drawing with my own crayons.

活学活用

1. My classmate, Li Ming, made a card for _______ just now.

2. Bad luck! I cut _______ with a knife yesterday.

3. They tell us they can look after __________ very well.

4. My cat can find food by _____.

5. Help __________ to some beef, boys.

Keys: himself  myself   themselves  itself   yourselves

Step 3  Exercises

4a Fill in the blanks and practice the conversations.

1. A: I hurt ______ when I played basketball    yesterday. What _______ I do?

  B: You ______ see a doctor and get an X-ray.

2. A: _______ the matter?

  B: My sister and I ______ sore throats. _______ we go to school?

  A: No, you _________.

3. A: _____ Mike _____ a fever?

  B: No, he ________. He ____ a stomachache.

A: He _______ drink some hot tea.

Keys: myself  should  should

What’s  have   Should   shouldn’t

Does   have   doesn’t   has   should

4b Circle the best advice for these health problems. Then add your own advice.

1. Jenny cut herself.      

  She should (get an X-ray / put some medicine on the cut).

  My advice: _______________________.

2. Kate has a toothache.  

  She should (see a dentist / get some sleep).

  My advice: ________________________.

3. Mary and Sue have colds.     

  They shouldn’t (sleep/ exercise).

  My advice: ______________________.

4. Bob has a sore back.   

  He should (lie down and rest / take his temperature).

My advice: ______________________.

Keys: put some medicine on the cut

see a dentist

exercise 

lie down and rest

4c One student mimes a problem. The       other students in your group guess the problem and give advice.

Name

Problem

Advice

Liu Peng

fall down

go home and rest













A: What’s the matter? Did you hurt yourself playing soccer.

B: No, I didn’t.

C: Did you fall down?

B: Yes, I did.

D: You should go home and get some rest.

Step 4 Exercises

根据括号内的要求完成下列各题,每空一词(含缩略形式)

1. —Should I cut up the carrots?  (补全否定答语)

—No, _________ _________.

2. My father has a headache.  (改为一般疑问句)

_________ your father _________ a headache?

3. Mrs. Hand’s daughter has a stomachache.  (对划线部分提问)

_________ _________ _________ _________ Mrs. Hand’s daughter?

4. Lisa should ask her parents for help.  (对划线部分提问)

_________ _________ Lisa _________? 

.  根据短文内容,用恰当的反身代词填空。

Yesterday my sister Tonia and I went to the shop to buy (1)________ some ice-cream. On the way home, Tonia fell down and hurt (2)________ and I cut (3)________ on some broken glass. When we got home, my brother and his friends were enjoying (4)________ playing in the garden. My brother shouted, “Look at (5)________”, and he began to laugh at us. I couldn’t know why. When we looked at (6)________ in the mirror, we saw why. Our faces were covered with ice-cream.

Keys:

Ⅰ. 1. you shouldn’t    2. Does; have 

3. What’s the matter / trouble with    4. What should; do

. 1. ourselves   2. herself   3. myself 

4. themselves  5. yourselves  6. ourselves

Step 5 Homework

收集英语有关疾病、伤害及救治的表达。

 

 Section B 1 (1a-1d)

Step 1 New words

1. bandage  n. 绷带   v. 用绷带包扎

2. sick  adj. 生病的;有病的

e.g. Her mother is very sick.   她母亲病得很厉害。

3. knee   n. 膝盖

4. nosebleed  n. 鼻出血

Step 2  Presentation

1. Discuss: Did these accidents happen to you?

When they happen, what should you do? 

e.g. get hit on the head / cut her finger / fall down / have a nosebleed

2. 1a. When these accidents happen, what should you do?

Put the actions in order.

(1) ____ Put a bandage on it.

____ Run it under water.

____ Put some medicine on it.     (Key: 3, 1, 2)

(2) ____ Go to the hospital.

____ Get an X-ray.

____ Rest for a few days.         (Key: 1, 2, 3)

(3) ____ Press the sides of your nose.

____ Put your head down.

____ Clean your face.        (Key: 2, 1, 3)

Step 3  Listening

1. 1b.  Listen to the school nurse. Check the problems you hear.

Problems


Treatments

Problems


Treatments

Someone

felt sick.

 


Someone had a nosebleed.

 

 


Someone    cut   his knee.

 


Someone hurt     

his back.



Someone

had a fever.



Someone got      

hit on the head.

 


2. 1c. Listen again. Write the letter of each treatment next to the problems you checked in the chart above.

a. put a bandage on it

b. took his temperature

c. told him to rest

d. put some medicine on it

e. took him to the hospital to get an X-ray

f. told her to put her head down.

Problems


Treatments

Problems


Treatments

Someone

felt sick.

 

b,   c

Someone had a nosebleed.

 

 

f

Someone    cut   his knee.

 

d,   a

Someone hurt     

his back.



Someone

had a fever.



Someone got      

hit on the head.

 

e

Step 4  Speaking

1d. Role-play a conversation between the nurse and the teacher. Use the information

in 1b and 1c.

   A: Who came to your office today?

   B: First, a boy came in. He hurt himself in P.E. class.

   A: What happened?

   B: He has a nosebleed.

Step 5 Homework

Write more conversations between the nurse and the teacher.

 

Section B 2 (2a-Self check)

Step 1 New words

1. breathe  v.  呼吸

e.g. Fish cannot breathe out of water.   鱼离开水就不能呼吸。

2. sunburned   adj.  晒伤的

3. climber   n.  登山者

4. accident  n. (交通)事故; 意外遭遇

5. rock   n.  岩石

6. knife   n.

7. blood   n.

8. control   n. & v. 限制;约束;管理

9. spirit    n. 勇气;意志

Step 2  Presentation

2a. Accidents or problems can sometimes happen when we do sports. Write the letter

of each sport next to each accident or problem that can happen.

A = soccer     B = mountain climbing      C = swimming

__ fall down              __ have problems breathing

__ get hit by a ball         __ get sunburned

__ cut ourselves           __ hurt our back or arm   

(Key: B C / A C / B A)

Step 3  Reading

1. 2b. Read the passage and underline the words you don’t know. Then look up the

words in a dictionary and write down their meaning.

阅读指导:

Finding the Order of Events

Writers describe events in a certain order. Finding the order of the events will help you understand what you are reading.

 2. Reading tasks:

    2c.  Read the statements and circle True, False or Don’t Know.

1  Aron almost lost his life

   three times because of    

   climbing accidents.

  True   False     Don’t know

2  Aron had   a serious

    accident in April 2003.

True      False   Don’t know

3  Aron ran out of water 

   after three days.

True     False   Don’t know

4  Aron wrote his book 

   before   his serious accident.

True     False   Don’t know

5  Aron   still goes mountain

   climbing.

True    False   Don’t know

2d.  Read the passage again and answer the questions.

     1. Where did the accident happen on April 26, 2003?

2. Why couldn’t Aron move?

3. How did Aron free himself?

4. What did Aron do after the accident?

5. What does “between a rock and a hard place” mean?

Key: 1. It happened in Utah,America.

2. His arm was caught under a 360-kilo rock that fell on him when he was climbing by himself in the mountains.

3. He used his knife to cut off half his right arm.

4. He wrote a book called “Between a Rock and a Hard Place”.

5. It means being in a difficult situation that you cannot seem to get out of.

2e.  Put the sentences in the correct order. Then use them to tell Aron’s story to your partner. Try to add other details from the reading.

 1. On April 26, 2003, he had a serious mountain climbing accident.

2. Aron loves mountain climbing and doesn’t mind taking risks.

3. Aron did not give up after the accident and keeps on climbing mountains

today.

4. He wrote a book about his experience.

5. Aron lost half his right arm from the 2003 accident.

The correct order: 2, 1, 5, 4, 3

3 Fill in the blanks.

Aron Ralston is an American mountain 1_______. There were many times when Aron almost lost his life because 2___ accident. On April 26,2003, He found himself in a very dangerous 3_______ when climbing in Utah. On that day, Aron’s arm was caught under a 360- kilo rock that fell on him when was climbing by 4_______ in the mountains. Because he could not free his arm, he stayed there for five days and hoped that 5____ would find him. But when his water ran 6______, he knew that he would have to do something to 7___ his own life. He was not ready to die that day. So he used his knife to 8___ off half his right arm. Then, with his left arm, he bandaged himself so 9___ he would not lose too much 10_____. After that, he climbed down the mountain to find help. His love for mountain climbing is 11____ great that he kept on 12_____ mountains even after this experience.

Keys: climber  of  situation   himself   someone   out   save  cut

that   blood    so  climbing

Step 4  Language points

1. As a mountain climber, Aron is used to taking risks.

be used to  习惯于……  to是介词,其后接名词或动名词短语

e.g. He is used to __________ (入睡) with such noises around him. falling asleep

risk既可用作可数名词,也可用作不可数名词,意为风险、冒险

take risks 冒险

at the risk of 冒着可能…...的危险

e.g. There is no much risk of your catching cold if you keep warm.

     To succeed in business, one must be prepared to take risks.

     They got to Wenchuan at the risk of their lives.

risk  v危险;风险;冒险

e.g. Don’t risk your health.

      She decided to risk everything on the project.

2. There were many times when Aron almost lost his life because of accidents.

  这是由when引导的定语从句。修饰前面的名词times

e.g. I thought of ________________________ (待在伦敦时的快乐日子).

      the happy days when I stayed in London

3. But when his water ran out …

  run out & run out of

run out表示“(某物)用完,不多了,相当于不及物动词,后面不能接宾语。如:

  Last week, my money ran out.

run out of表示用完(某物)”,相当于及物动词,后面需加宾语。如:

  We ran out of milk and bread yesterday.

【运用】根据语境,用run out run out of的适当形式填空。

(1) —Have you got any water?

  —Yes, but it ___________ just now.

(2) She ___________ time and didn’t finish the last question.

4. … he wrote a book called Between a Rock and a Hard Place.

  Between a Rock and a Hard Place. 此句为习语。表在艰难或危险的处境下从两难中进行选择,意为左右为难;进退两难。

e.g. Who will you save when your mother and wife are both in water?

     It’s between a rock and a hard place.

5. This means being in a difficult situation that you cannot seem to get out of.

  mean  v. “……意思是意味着

e.g. What do you mean? 你的意思是什么?

I mean that's his own decision to make.

      我的意思是这是他自己要做的决定。

Step 5  Writing

3a  Imagine you are the school nurse and a student just had an accident or a health problem. Make notes about what he/she should and shouldn’t do

Accident or health problem

He / She should

He / She shouldn’t

have a sore back

lie down and rest

do sports

have a fever

take some medicine

have a sore throat

drink some hot tea

have a toothache

see a dentist

cut myself

put some medicine on it

3b  Write a conversation between the nurse and the student using the notes in 3a. Use the question and phrases below to help you.

What’s the matter ? / What happened?/ Are you OK?

No, I don’t feel well./ I feel…/ I have a …/ Should I …?

You should …/ You shouldn’t…

fell down/ got hit by …/ cut myself / hurt my…

Pair work. Role play the conversation with your partner.

Step 6  Self-check

 1. Write different health problems next to the body parts. Then write more health

problems you know of .

Head: _________________________

Back: _________________________

Throat: ________________________

Tooth: _________________________

Stomach: _______________________

Other problems: _________________

Keys: have a headache/get hit on the head

have a sore back/hurt one’s back

  have a sore throat

  have a toothache

have a stomachache

have a fever/have a nosebleed/cut oneself               

2. Put these questions and answers in order to make a conversation.

  ___ I hurt myself playing soccer. I have a sore leg.

___ What should I do?

___ I think you should see a doctor and get an X-ray.

___ OK, thanks. I’ll do that now.

___ What’s the matter?

___ Oh, that doesn’t sound good.

Keys: 2 4 5 6 1 3

3. Write advice for these people.

1) Problem: Alan cut himself.

  Advice:______________________

2) Problem: Cindy has a headache.

  Advice:__________________________

3) Problem: My cousins have bad colds.

  Advice:________________________________

4) Problem: Jack hurt his back playing volleyball.

Advice:________________________________

Keys: 1. Put some medicine on it.

2. Take a temperature and rest.

3. Lie down, rest and drink more water.

4. Go to the hospital and get an X-ray.

Step 7  Important phrases

摔倒                     fall down

对感兴趣                 be interested in

习惯于                   be used to …

因为                     because of

用完                     run out of

准备做                   be ready to do sth.

切除                     cut off

离开                     get out of …

掌管,管理               in control of …

继续或坚持(做某事)     keep on doing sth.

Step 8  Exercises

根据句意及所给汉语提示,写出句中所缺单词。

1. We were worried about those two ________(登山者). They lost their way.

2. It was a hard ________(决定) but I felt I made the right one.

3. In the mountains, you must be careful of falling ________(岩石).

4. Mrs. Black tells her son the red light ________(意思是) “stop”.

5. We must learn more about the ________(情况) before we act.

根据汉语意思完成英语句子,每空一词。

1. 杰夫习惯了北京的天气。

Jeff ________ ________ ________ the weather in Beijing.

2. 你不能拿别人的生命去冒险。

You can’t ________ ________ with other people’s lives.

3. 艾伦,你可以切下一块肉尝尝。

Alan, you can ________ ________ a piece of meat and taste it.

4. 玛丽把她所有的钱都花光了。

Mary ________ ________ ________ all her money.

5. 我叔叔掌管这个剧院。

My uncle ________ ________ ________ ________ this theater. 

. 根据汉语意思及括号内所给英文提示语,将下列句子翻译成英语。

1. 昨天因为下大雪我们没外出。 (because of)

________________________________________

2. 你应该去拍X光片。 (should)

________________________________________

3. 那次事故之后,比尔(Bill)放弃了他的梦想。 (give up)

________________________________________

4. 今天早上戴尔(Dale)打篮球时伤了左腿。 (hurt)

________________________________________

Keys:  

. 1. climbers  2. decision  3. rocks  4. means  5. situation

. 1. is used to  2. take risks  3. cut off  4. ran out of  5. is in control of

. 1. Yesterday we didn’t go out because of the heavy snow.

2. You should get an X-ray.

3. Bill gave up his dream after the accident.

4. This morning Dale hurt his left leg playing basketball.

/ This morning Dale hurt his left leg when he played basketball.

Step 9  Homework

1. Write a conversation between the nurse and the student using the useful

sentences in 3b.

2. Remember the words, phrases and sentences in this unit.



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